Basics of CryptographyMinuteVideos YouTube Channel

Cryptography is used for most of our communications online. It's what keeps your messages and your activities private. In this technical explainer video we show how it encodes your message using a key on a very simple example using colors. Let us know what you think :)

Script & Storyboard
Cryptography is what keeps everything you do on the internet safe. So what is it?[1] When you send information to someone else, it changes from plain, unencrypted text to a scrambled version of itself.[2] This process is called encryption, and the instructions on how to switch from unencrypted to encrypted text are called a key.[3]
For the recipient to be able to decrypt the message, they need to have a copy of the key. [1] This is a complicated process to explain, so we will show you how it works on the example of paint instead of math.. [2] To create an encryption for a private message you and your friend first have to decide on a color. In this example we picked yellow.[3] This information is made public. [Pause] Next, you both pick a color separately, but this time keep it private.[4] Now, you and your friend mix your private color with the public color so you both get a new color that’s different form each other. [5]
Now, you and your friend exchange the mixed colors publicly. [1] Once you each mix the color you received from your friend with your private color, you and your friend will have the same color - a key! [2]
This takes place in real life with a mathematical process called modulus, which is just the remainder of one number divided by the other. [1] Once you get the remainder of x and y, you cannot get back x nor y. Like when you mix paint, you can't separate the two colors. [2] Through this process, you and your friend now have a key to lock and unlock an encrypted message.
This process is the base of how internet communications are secured today. [1] In a nutshell, it keeps the things you do private, online and offline. Do you use software to protect the files on your computer or online? Let us know in the comments and don't forget to subscribe for more nerdy videos..[2]